@A Healthy Heart

Heart Disease

Heart Disease is one of the greatest challenge of this time all over the world. It is also a major cause of disability. There are many different forms of heart disease. The most common cause of heart disease is narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart itself. This is called coronary artery disease and happens slowly over time.
CLASSES OF HEART DISEASES

There are different classes of heart diseases such as:
1.Rheumatic Heart Diseases:
This is a heart disease caused by a damage to the heart valve- As well known as valvular damage to the heart.
2.Hypertensive Heart Diseases
This is a heart disease that occur as a result of high blood pressure or a weak spot in a blood vessel wall of the heart.
3.Ischemic Heart Diseases
This class of heart disease can be more dangerous than the first two mentioned because it includes narrowing of the blood vessel to the heart which causes serious chest pain called Angina or the stoppage of the blood supply to the heart leading to what is called Heart Attack and also loss of ability of the heart to pump blood which leads to sudden death.
4.Inflamatory and Cerebrovascular Heart Diseases
This is a heart disease caused by the stiffness or thickness of the arteries as a result of plague in form of fat built up in the heart causing restrictions of blood flow in the heart and the vascular systems.It can lead to Heart Attack and Stroke

COMMON HEART DISEASES
1. Chest Pain:This can be caused by so many factors which may be normal human activities such as stress at work, strainous exercise like boxing, fighting lifting of heavy load etc. But the more dangerous one is the type linked with heart disease such as - Angina.
If one has the type of Chest Pain that does not go away after taking pain relieving treatments which may be accompanied with some crushing or serous pressure in the chest accompanied with challenges in breathing ,one should try to see a specialist doctor to diagnose the possible causes.
2. Angina: This is a kind of pressure or squeezing pain one gets in the chest as a result of the heart muscles not getting enough blood for its activities.
Angina could be stable,unstable or variant and its said that the unstable type of angina is more dangerous because at such stage it is resistant to normal medications or rest which can be used to reduce the effect of other types of angina.
3. Heart Attack: This is the highest of all heat diseases, which is as a result of heart damage which when immediate attention is not giving to such a person, it can lead to paralyses or death. This has caused so many death and paralyses of persons over the ages.
To avoid the danger of heart attack one should know the symptoms of it which are:
-Chest disconfort
-Short breath
-Arm or shoulder or neck pains accompanied with dizziness, abnormal sweating or vomiting.
How To Lowers The Risk of Heart Diseases
1.Lowering your cholesterol and salt intake
Patients with CHD establish and maintain healthy eating. This includes:
• limiting saturated fatty acid (SFA) intake to < 7% and trans fatty acid (tFA) intake to 
< 1% of total energy intake6
• consuming 1 g eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) + docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and 
> 2 g alpha linolenic acid (ALA) daily
• limiting salt intake to ≤ 4 g/day (1550 mg sodium)
2.Do not smoke and if you are already smoking you should quit smoking. One should also avoid inhalling from second hand smokers .
3. Alcohol intake: One should reduce or stop taking of alcohol or getting drunk
4.Exercise regularly
Patients with CHD do at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity†
physical activity on most, if not all, days 
of the week (i.e. 150 minutes/week minimum). This amount can be accumulated in shorter bouts of 10 
minutes’ duration and can be built up over time.
For patients with advanced CHD, the goal amount of physical activity may need to be reduced.
5.Maintaining a Healthy Weight
• men < 94 cm
Waist measurement:• women < 80 cm
6.Check your blood Pressure regularly
Patients with CHD achieve and maintain a blood pressure (BP) measurement of < 130/80 mmHg.
This includes patients with or without diabetes and/or stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) and/or
microalbuminuria (men > 2.5 mg/mmol, women > 3.5 mg/mmol).

BLOOD PRESSURE CHECK

-When last did you went for a blood pressure check?
-A high blood pressure(BP) can kill or maim?
-Do you know that healthy looking persons die most time from BP?
-Do you know that high blood pressure can be a risk factor for some ailments?
therefore check your self for high blood pressure today
-checking blood pressure regularly makes one to guard against high blood pressure
References
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